Net income

Net Income: Definition and Explanation

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Net income can be used to calculate a company's profitability and evaluate a company's ability to pay dividends or repurchase shares. It can also be important in determining whether a company is eligible for government financial assistance, such as tax credits or deductions. But what exactly is net income? Why is it important? In this article, Johnson's Blog will provide detailed answers.

What is net income?

Net income (NI) or net profit is the final profit or loss of a company after deducting all expenses from gross revenue its. It represents how much money a company has left after accounting for all its expenses, including taxes and other deductions.

How to calculate Net Income

Net income is calculated by subtracting total expenses from total revenue:

Net income = Total revenue – Total expenses

Gross revenue

Gross revenue refers to the total amount of money a company has earned from sales or other activities over a specific period of time, usually a quarter or a year.

It is calculated by summing up all the money received by the company from customers, customers or other sources of income. Gross revenue is an important metric to measure a company's financial performance and growth.

total cost

Total cost refers to the sum of all expenses incurred by a company over a certain period of time, usually a quarter or a year. It includes both fixed costs (such as rent, wages, and insurance) and variable costs (such as raw materials, transportation, and advertising), as well as any one-time costs. which arose during the period.

Total expenses are subtracted from total revenue to calculate the company's net profit. By understanding and managing total costs, a company can increase profitability and sustainability.

Types of Net Income

There are several types of net profit, including:

  • Net operating income: The profit that a company generates from its core activities, after deducting operating costs such as wages, materials and overheads.
  • Non-operating net incomeNon-operating net income is profit generated from activities outside the company's core operations, such as investing or selling non-operating assets.
  • Total net income: Gross net profit is the profit a company makes before tax or other deductions.
  • Net income after tax: Net profit after tax is the profit a company makes after deducting taxes and all other deductions, including depreciation and amortization.
  • Personal net income: Personal net profit is the amount an individual earns after deducting taxes and other deductions from their total income.
  • Discretionary net income: Discretionary net profit is the amount that an individual is left with after paying necessary expenses such as housing, food, and transportation.

These are just a few of the many types of net profit. The type used may depend on the context and the specific financial goals of an individual or a company. Understanding the different types of net income is important for making informed financial decisions and evaluating the performance of a business or individual.

Net income of a business

The net profit of a business is the amount of money a company is left with after accounting for all its expenses and liabilities. It represents the profit a company has generated from its operations after deducting all expenses, including operating expenses, taxes, interest, and depreciation.

Net profit is a key measure of a company's financial performance and is used to gauge its overall health, growth potential, and ability to generate profits for its stakeholders. Positive net income shows that the company is profitable, while negative net income shows that the company is operating at a loss.

An individual's net income

An individual's net income is the amount left after all deductions have been made from an individual's gross income. Gross income includes all sources of income, such as salaries, wages, commissions, and investment income. Deductible expenses include taxes, insurance premiums, and retirement account contributions.

Net income represents the amount of disposable income available to an individual to spend or save. It is an important factor in determining an individual's financial stability and ability to meet their financial obligations.

What are some common uses of Net Income?

Net income is a widely used financial metric with several common uses, including:

  • Determine profit or loss: Used to determine if a business or individual has made a profit or a loss over a certain period of time.
  • Evaluate financial performance: Is a key measure of a company's financial performance and provides insight into a company's profitability.
  • Make investment decisions: Investors and analysts use net profit to gauge a company's financial performance and growth potential.
  • Budgeting and financial planning: Used for budgeting and financial planning, allowing individuals and companies to make informed decisions about spending and savings.
  • Determination of tax liability: Used to determine the tax liability of a person or a company, as taxes are usually based on the amount of net profit earned.
  • Pay: Used to assess a company's ability to repay, as creditors and lenders want to see that the company has enough money to meet its financial obligations.
  • Resource allocation: Used for resource allocation, such as investments in research and development, marketing, and other growth initiatives.
  • Compare financial performance: Can be used to compare the financial performance of different companies in the same industry or to compare the performance of a company over different time periods.

Example of Net Income

An example of calculating net profit for a company might be as follows:

  • Total revenue: $100,000 VND
  • Operating cost: $50,000 VND
  • Interest expense: $5,000 VND
  • Tax: $15,000
  • Net Profit = $100,000 – ($50,000 + $5,000 + $15,000) = $30,000

In this example, the company has a net profit of $30,000, which means it has $$30,000 left after accounting for all expenses and liabilities. Net income can be used to pay dividends to shareholders, repay debt, or reinvest in the business.

Net Income vs Cash Flow

Net profit and cash flow are two important financial metrics that provide insight into a company's financial performance and health. Although related, they are not the same and represent different aspects of a company's financial position.

Net profit represents a company's profit or loss after accounting for all expenses, taxes, and other deductions, while cash flow refers to the amount of cash a company has available to meet its its financial obligations, including paying bills, investing, and repaying debt.

Net profit is calculated based on the principles accrual accounting and reflects the financial performance of a company over a given period of time, regardless of when cash was actually received or paid out. Cash flow, on the other hand, focuses on actual cash inflows and outflows, providing a more direct picture of creditial of the company.

In a nutshell, net profit provides information about a company's profitability, while cash flow provides information about its ability to generate and manage cash. Both metrics are important for assessing a company's financial health and making informed business decisions.

Gross Income vs Net Profit: What's the Difference?

Gross income and net profit are two important financial metrics for measuring the income and profitability of a person or a company.

Gross income refers to the total amount earned before any deductions or taxes are deducted. It is the starting point for calculating net profit.

On the other hand, net profit is the amount left after all deductions and taxes have been taken out of total income. It represents the actual salary or take-home profit of an individual or a company.

For example, if a person earns $100,000 in a year and pays $20,000 in taxes, their total income will be $100,000 and their net profit will be $80,000.

Gross income is the starting point and represents total income, while net profit is the end result and represents the actual amount available to spend or invest after all deductions have been removed. and taxes.


Net income is an important financial metric that measures the profitability of a business or individual. It represents the amount remaining after all deductions and taxes have been taken out of gross income. Understanding net profit is critical to making informed financial decisions, assessing financial performance, and determining tax liability. It is widely used in many applications, including budgeting and financial planning, investment decisions, and debt repayment. By taking the time to understand net profit, individuals and businesses can make better decisions about their finances and achieve their financial goals.

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